Concentrating surgeons performing operation in operating room

Weight Loss Surgery

There are a number of methods that are available for weight loss surgery. The method to be carried out depends on the dieter’s current body weight and the desired weight loss goals. Some examples are jaw wiring, intestinal bypass, liposuction, and obesity surgery.

Obesity surgery is one that modifies the manner in which your body digests as well as absorbs food. It involves the modification of the stomach as well as the restructuring of the small intestine.

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Restrictive Obesity Surgery

This method of weight loss surgery is one that depends on the use of surgical bands and also staples in the stomach in order to reduce the size. The small pouch so formed is able to contain and digest food in a limited manner. This weight loss surgery is the most popular in today’s day and age.

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Having advise with a gynecologist

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Combined Restrictive and Malabsorption Surgery

This weight loss surgery combines the above-mentioned restrictive surgery along with a process that reduces the length of the small intestine. This leads to a reduction in the food’s ability to get digested and absorbed by the digestive tract. This weight loss surgery is also known as gastric bypass.

Criteria, Considerations of Weight Loss Surgery

  • The individual must have a Body Mass Index (BMI) that is more than 40 in order to undergo weight loss surgery.
  • The individual must have a BMI of 39.9 and serious medical problems. These include type II diabetes, hypercholesteremia along with heart disease in order to undergo weight loss surgery.
  • The individual must be unable to live a normal life due to severe obesity in order to undergo weight loss surgery.
  • Normal methods of losing weight such as diet plans and extreme physical activity have failed. Other methods such as consumption of weight loss supplements have also ceased to work for the individual to undergo weight loss surgery.
  • The individual’s quality of life suffers due to the existence of severe obesity for the individual to undergo weight loss surgery.

Diet After Weight Loss Surgery

However, after the individual has gone through with the surgery, he must follow a strict diet plan coupled with extreme physical activity in order to achieve long-term results.

Results Of Weight Loss Surgery 

Weight loss surgeries have been known to work and lead to weight loss in the long run. 60% of Americans that underwent weight-loss surgery lost about 200 pounds over 5 years. Gastric bypass surgery is preferred by a large number of obese patients as it combines two methods of weight loss surgery and enhances long-term weight loss.

Complications related to weight loss surgery

Even though the benefits of weight loss surgery are abundant, as is the case with any other weight loss program, it does hold a number of limitations as well. These must be kept in mind before one decides to go under the knife. A number of side effects are possible and the most common ones are:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Protein deficiency
  • Vitamin and mineral deficiencies
  • Abdominal pain
  • Heartburn
  • Injury to the spleen
  • Injury due to band slippage.

The gastric bypass is known to result in a side effect that is commonly known as the dumping syndrome due to which after one consumes food, it passes through the small intestine at such a fast pace that the individual experiences quick bouts of nausea, diarrhea, weakness, and heavy sweating. Headaches are common almost after every meal. Hair loss and dairy intolerance are other disadvantages that are associated with weight loss surgery.

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Other Weight Loss Surgery Procedures 

As mentioned above, there are a number of other procedures associated with weight loss surgery. These include intestinal bypass which use to be the most popular weight loss surgery before it was replaced by restrictive obesity surgery. Liposuction is also very common and is mostly opted for the purpose of superficial and cosmetic reasons. It is usually carried out by plastic surgeons. This weight loss surgery removes extra fat tissues from desired areas. Due to the restrictions of this weight loss surgery, fat tissue can be removed little by little. Therefore, weight loss is not as rapid. Jaw wiring is a weight loss surgery that is carried out only on those who do not suffer from breathing problems. Only liquids can be consumed according to this weight loss surgery.

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