The ovarian follicle of healthy women releases matures eggs every month. This egg stays active for 12 to 24 hours. During its active span, if the egg meets a sperm from a male, fertilization takes place. The period proximate to ovulation is suitable for couples to have intercourse to get a positive result. The fertile period starts 4 – 5 days before ovulation. The fertile period ends 24 – 48 hours after ovulation. It is very difficult to accurately predict the ovulation dates, but many procedures are there for you to know when you are ovulating. You should learn to know your body to know when you ovulate.
Normally women have a menstrual cycle of 28 – 32 days. Women having this regular menstrual cycle ovulate on the 11th – 14th day of the following period. Therefore, you have to count from the first day of your previous menses period and predict that ovulation would occur on the 11th to 14th day. However, this method is not accurate for predicting ovulation and this calculation works well only for women having regular menstrual cycles.
Another method to know the ovulation date is by measuring the body temperature. With the use of a Basal Body Temperature (BBT) thermometer, you can come to know if your body temperature goes up by 0.5 – 1.6 degrees. The increase in temperature is caused by the hormone known as progesterone which is produced during ovulation when an egg is released.
The cervical mucus method is considered to be near to accuracy. Changes in the amount of cervical mucus could be the best indicator of ovulation. These changes start from the last day of your period to mid-cycle. When you are nearing the ovulation period, the amount of cervical mucus will increase. The mucus will be clear and stretchy. The mucus becomes slippery around the time of ovulation. The mucus appears as an egg white. You can stretch a strand of this cervical mucus. The strand will not break even for a lengthy stretch.
Ovulation kits are available these days and they are becoming popular too. They can be used conveniently. You can have an ovulation kit in your home and you will be able to predict accurately your ovulation dates with the use of this kit. You can measure the Leutinising Hormone (LH) in your body and predict the time of ovulation.
You can use a calendar to track the days of your menstrual cycle. Add up the number of days in each cycle. Subtract 14 days from your menstrual cycle, both the shortest and the longest. If your shortest cycle is 24 days and the longest cycle is 29, after subtracting 10 days from each, you get 10 and 15 as remainders. The basic assumption is that you ovulate 14 days before your next menstrual cycle. Therefore, your ovulation date falls on a day which is between the 10th and 15th day of your menstrual cycle.
You should keep a record of all the above information for a few months. You have to then decipher the information you have recorded.