At one point or the other in the lifetime, acne affects almost every one of us. Acne appears as spots on the skin. It usually occurs on the face, chest, or back. Mild, moderate, or even severe symptoms can associate with acne. It is believed that changes in hormones cause acne. However, acne is a chronic condition. It is common that acne occurs during puberty. Anyway, acne can affect the quality of life as it affects the look of a person. It is therefore to be treated effectively. Generally, children, teenagers, and young adults are affected by this condition. Acne can reoccur. Treatment of acne can prolong even up to two months. In most cases, acne is cured effectively with treatments. However, maintenance therapy is a must to prevent the reoccurrence of acne. It is to be remembered that severe acne can leave scars on the skin. Steps towards the prevention of acne, therefore, become very essential.
Factors Leading to Acne
Before getting to know the factors leading to acne, it is necessary to understand how it occurs. The tiny sebaceous glands attached to the hair follicle lubricate the hair and also the skin with their secretion known as sebum. When sebum production is higher than the normal level, the excess amount of sebum combines with dead skin cells and form a blockage in the follicle. This causes bulging of the skin with whitehead formation if the follicle is close to the skin surface. If the follicle is open to the skin, blackhead formation takes place. Besides this, certain harmless bacteria which thrive on the skin can infect the blocked follicles to cause pustules, cysts, nodules, and papules. Therefore, excess production of sebum is the root cause of acne.
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Factors Leading to Teenager Acne
In teenagers, at the time of attaining puberty, the levels of the hormone known as testosterone increase. The faith is that this hormone triggers acne by inducing the sebaceous glands which cause excess sebum production. In adults, women may experience acne when their menstrual period is shortly ahead. Some women experience acne during the first trimester of their pregnancy. The condition known as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome can cause acne. Certain medications such as steroids and lithium can trigger acne. Heredity is another factor. Studies have revealed that many teenagers have a family history of acne. Further, stopping or starting birth control pills can cause hormonal changes and trigger acne.
Lifestyles Factors Leading to Acne
The next factor is a lifestyle. Stress can cause conversion of androgens into testosterone in men and women as well, triggering acne. If you do not have enough sleep your stress could increase. If you do not drink at least 10 to 12 liters of water per day, acne may occur when your skin pores are clogged. Using astringent natural soaps can shrink the skin pores and cause clogging, and you will feel the onset of acne. Intake of excess sugar and stimulants such as coffee and tea can make the sebaceous glands overactive and cause acne. Eating foods rich in fat can cause acne. Staying under the sun for more than 20 minutes can trigger acne. In brief, if your lifestyle is not optimized, the risk of acne can increase.