Hypothyroidism or under-active thyroid means the failure of the thyroid gland to produce thyroxin as much as the body requires. Thyroxin is the hormone that regulates the human body’s essential functionalities such as heartbeat, digestion, physical growth, and mental development. If thyroxin flow is arrested or if it is insufficient, it could result in life-sustaining processes. The damage of organs or the body parts and the tissues in every particle of the body would lead to life-threatening complications. Hence Ayurveda terms Hypothyroidism as a condition characterized by abnormally low levels of thyroid hormone production.
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Causes for Hypothyroidism
The main causes of Hypothyroidism are:
- Congenital defects like thyroid gland agenesis, digenesis, and ectopic thyroid gland. In Ayurveda this defect is termed as Janmabala pravritta vyadhis.
- Hypothyroidism is mainly caused because of iodine deficiency.
- Another main cause for autoimmune thyroid disease is characterized by gradual lymphatic infiltration and the progressive destruction of the functional thyroid tissue. It is called Yapya which means that the treatment should be continued Jeevanaparvantam (life long) with immunomodulatory drugs.
- The thyroid is also caused because of Genetical and hereditary defects, which are termed as Asadhya.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
- Increase in body weight or unable to lose bodyweight
- Increased Tiredness
- Loss of Hair
- Reduced memory power
- Constipation issues
- Change of voice
- Muscle Cramps and body weakness
- Gaseous problems
- Puffiness of the face, hand, etc
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Ayurveda Treatment for Hypothyroidism
Ayurvedic herbs are very useful in treating hypothyroidism.
The drug Kanchanar Guggulu is a compound Ayurvedic preparation, which consists of Guggulu, Kanchanara, Varuna, Triphala, Trikatu, and Trijataka. This is one of the safest and very useful drugs in Ayurveda. It is found in usage for centuries to cure diseases like Gandhamala (Hypothyroidism), Apachi, Arbuda, Granthi, Vrana, Gulma, Kusta, Bhagandara, etc. These herbs are given in the right proportions to act together to rectify the disorder.
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Shigru Patra Kwatha
Shigru is a well-known plant in use in ancient India. It contains deepana, pachana, kapha vata hara properties. It is recommended by Ayurveda to cure conditions like galaganda, kandu, sotha, apachi, vrana, medoroga, vidradhi, gulma etc. It contains an enormous amount of iodine, which is the main ingredient and cure for Hypothyroidism. Shigru leaves are made into powder and given as medicine to the patient.
Ayurveda makes use of highly potent herbs such as Yogaraj Guggulu, Tikta ghrut guggulu, Arogya vardhini, Chandraprabha vati, and Maha manjisthadi quath, Kanchnaar Guggulu, Brahmi Guggulu, Triphala Guggulu, and Medohar Guggulu for treatment of Hypothyroidism.
Related: Ayurvedic Treatment
Ayurveda recommends Panchakarma treatment comprising of Virechan, Niruha, Anuvasan Basti, Nasyam along with the medicines to treat hypothyroidism. These purifying procedures are used in cases where the body has accumulated excess toxins and needs purification.