Antibacterial Drugs In Ayurveda

Antibacterial properties are found in many herbs and they are used in the preparation of medicines. Just like antibiotics are used as allopathic medicines, various medicated liquids and powders are derived from the minerals and herbs in Ayurveda.  Maharishi Susrutha used medicated decoctions that were basically antibacterial in nature for the postoperative treatment of patients.  The antibacterial properties of herbs were used successfully in Ayurveda to cure leprosy.  There are different categories of antibacterial drugs for the treatment of various diseases.

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Herbal medicines are a very effective treatment for poor people from remote places who can have access always. This is the main reason why herbal drugs are widely used in primary healthcare in treating rural populations.   There is a growing resistance to antibiotic drugs in the case of bacterial infections and new solutions are becoming the need of the hour.  In this scenario, Ayurvedic Antibacterial drugs can play a meaningful role in the treatment of a number of diseases caused by bacterial and viral infections.

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Composition of Ayurvedic Drugs

A combination of herbs with minerals was used in Ayurvedic treatment for respiratory tract infection even at the serious stages.  For tuberculosis, a similar combination medicine named Sitopaladi Choorna, which is a powder is used.  Ayurvedic drugs containing a single or a combination of herbs are highly effective in general. They are classified into different categories according to ancient Ayurveda texts. The main categories are Saalasradi gnaa and Lakshadi gana and more.

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Herbs used in Antibacterial Drugs in Ayurveda

Neem is the most commonly used herb in Ayurveda as it has antibacterial properties.   It is used in different ways depending on the severity of diseases. Priyanighantu, the drug book of Ayurveda hails need as a great medicine for the treatment of aggravated pitta conditions. Neem is not only antibacterial, but it is also an anti-viral, anti-fungal and antiseptic Ayurvedic drug. It is highly effective in blood purification and widely used in the treatment of skin diseases like acne and eczema and cold sores and malaria as well.  Neem can be said to be the most commonly used Ayurvedic antibiotic for its versatile usability in the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.

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Haridra is another herb used as an antibiotic for curing skin disease and used locally. Panchasudha is an Antibacterial Ayurvedic drug that is available in both liquid and capsule form.  The medicine works on the bacteria through triple action and provides instant relief. It contains herbs like satpudina, kapoor, ajwain phool, and nilgiri oils. The imbalance of doshas in the human body causes many diseases due to changes in climates. Harmful viruses and bacteria thrive in cool climates and cause many ailments such as acidity, nausea, giddiness, diarrhea, gastric problems and the common cold.   The Ayurvedic capsules work wonders in the case of these ailments including indigestion and colic pain etc.   Asthma, pechith, sunstroke, heart disease, diarrhea, and vomiting are some other health problems that can be cured by these drugs.

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A study conducted on the effectiveness of Ayurvedic herbal preparations reveals that Triphala Churna, Haritaki churna, Mahasudarshan churna, and Lavanbhaskar churna have immense potential as antimicrobial agents that are very useful in the treatment of infectious diseases. Triphala and Haritaki have a high degree of anti-bacterial activity that can be exploited for the preparation of newer medicines.

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